These reports are 'preliminary consultation drafts'. Should you have any feedback or questions, please send them to Dr. Irfan Yulianto.


1 September 2021 – 31 March 2022

Pilot study area

Gili Matra Marine Protected Area


The Ocean Accounts of Indonesia pilot had three main objectives:

  • Conduct a national pilot on ocean accounts in Indonesia
  • Develop a roadmap for ocean accounts implementation
  • Improve knowledge and build capacity on ocean accounts among key stakeholders

Types of accounts

  • Ecosystem extent and condition
  • Flows to the economy
  • Flows to the environment
  • Governance


With reference to the Ocean Diagnostic Tool, three main methods were outlined to gather information and perspective from stakeholders:

  • (1) Indonesia’s policy framework and strategic planning
  • (2) Operationalisation and methods
  • (3) Priority, challenges, and opportunities for ocean accounts development

Challenges and lessons learned

Key Lesson Learned: A government-led initiative is important for collaborative action.

  • Challenge: Encountered various cross-sectoral interests. Solution: Collaborative action and a dedicated team.
  • Challenge: Data availability, especially for opening accounts. Solution: Deep dive into database from each institution and pool the datasets together.
  • Challenge: Understanding of methodology. Solution: Capacity building and intensive consultation with experts.


Indonesia opens its ‘ocean account’ for sustainable marine management
The Indonesian government is designing a new scheme to measure the long-term benefits provided by the country’s marine and coastal ecosystems. The mechanism, known as ocean accounting and in development since 2021, is part of the Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries’ wider e…