These reports are 'preliminary consultation drafts', so should you have any feedback or questions, please send them to info@oceanaccount.org.

Date

2021 - 2022

Pilot study region

Quang Ninh Province

Objectives

This study was a continuation of previous ocean accounting work funded by ESCAP in 2019 and 2020 which focused on pilot testing the Ocean Accounts Framework developed by GOAP. The main objectives of the 2021-2022 study are:

  • To assess contribution of ocean to provincial economy (i.e., GDPR).
  • To assess the changes in ocean wealth and non-produced assets (e.g., mangroves, coral reefs).
  • To identify the land-based pollution sources (i.e., wastewater).

Types of accounts

  • Ecosystem asset accounts: mangroves, seagrass, coral reefs
  • Wastewater extent and condition account

Methods

  • Data collection
  • Stakeholder consultation
  • Remote sensing

Challenges and lessons learned

  • Challenge: The ocean ecology survey was not designed for accounting. Therefore, data was scattered, not comparable and there was a lack of data on measurable biodiversity of ocean fish. Solution: Improve the official statistical survey and reporting system to have better data that are tailored for the ocean economy, including spending for environmental remediation.
  • Challenge: Data was siloed and difficult to access and there was a lack of environmental data on actual waste emission and treatment. Solution: Make reporting of environment data compulsory as part of the country’s official accounting framework.​
  • Challenge: Operationalise and integrate ocean accounts in planning process​. Solution: Work with national/provincial authorities to identify entry points for mainstreaming.

Contacts

  • Kim Thi Thuy Ngoc (Ms.), Head, Division of Science and International Cooperation, Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE)
  • Le Thi Le Quyen (Ms), Division of Science and International Cooperation, Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE)