These reports are 'preliminary consultation drafts', so should you have any feedback or questions, please send them to info@oceanaccount.org.

Date

2021 - 2022

Pilot study region

Quang Ninh Province

Objectives

This study was a continuation of previous ocean accounting work funded by UN ESCAP in 2019 and 2020 which focused on pilot testing GOAP's Ocean Accounts Framework. The main objectives of the 2021-2022 study are:

  • To assess contribution of the ocean to provincial economy (i.e., GDPR).
  • To assess the changes in ocean wealth and non-produced assets (e.g., mangroves, coral reefs).
  • To identify land-based pollution sources (i.e., wastewater).

Types of accounts

  • Ecosystem asset accounts: mangroves, seagrass, coral reefs
  • Wastewater extent and condition account

Methods

  • Data collection
  • Stakeholder consultation
  • Remote sensing

Challenges and lessons learned

  • Challenge: The ocean ecology survey was not designed for accounting. Therefore, data was scattered, not comparable and there was a lack of data on measurable biodiversity of ocean fish. Solution: Improve the official statistical survey and reporting system to have better data that are tailored for the ocean economy, including spending for environmental remediation.
  • Challenge: Data was siloed and difficult to access and there was a lack of environmental data on actual waste emission and treatment. Solution: Make reporting of environment data compulsory as part of the country’s official accounting framework.​
  • Challenge: Operationalise and integrate ocean accounts in planning process​. Solution: Work with national/provincial authorities to identify entry points for mainstreaming.

Contacts

  • Kim Thi Thuy Ngoc (Ms.), Head, Division of Science and International Cooperation, Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE)
  • Le Thi Le Quyen (Ms), Division of Science and International Cooperation, Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE)