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2021 - 2022
Pilot study region
Quang Ninh Province
This study was a continuation of previous ocean accounting work funded by UN ESCAP in 2019 and 2020 which focused on pilot testing the Ocean Accounts Framework. The main objectives of the 2021-2022 study are:
- To assess the contribution of the ocean to the provincial economy (i.e., GDPR).
- To assess the changes in ocean wealth and non-produced assets (e.g., mangroves, coral reefs).
- To identify land-based pollution sources (i.e., wastewater).
Types of accounts
- Ecosystem asset accounts: mangroves, seagrass, coral reefs
- Wastewater extent and condition account
- Data collection
- Stakeholder consultation
- Remote sensing
Challenges and lessons learned
- Challenge: The ocean ecology survey was not designed for accounting. Therefore, data was scattered, not comparable and there was a lack of data on the biodiversity of ocean fish. Solution: Improve the official statistical survey and reporting system to have better data that are tailored for the ocean economy, including spending for environmental remediation.
- Challenge: Data was siloed and difficult to access and there was a lack of environmental data on actual waste emission and treatment. Solution: Make reporting of environment data compulsory as part of the country’s official accounting framework.
- Challenge: Operationalise and integrate ocean accounts in government planning processes. Solution: Work with national/provincial authorities to identify entry points for mainstreaming.
- Kim Thi Thuy Ngoc (Ms.), Head, Division of Science and International Cooperation, Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE)
- Le Thi Le Quyen (Ms), Division of Science and International Cooperation, Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE)